Ampelaster carolinianus

(Walter) G. L. Nesom

Phytologia 77: 250. 1995.

Common names: Climbing aster
IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Aster carolinianus Walter Fl. Carol., 208. 1788
Synonyms: Aster scandens J. Jacquin ex Sprengel Symphyotrichum carolinianum (Walter) Wunderlin & B. F. Hansen Virgulus carolinianus (Walter) Reveal & Keener
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 460.

Plants deciduous to evergreen by production of new growth, sprawling, climbing over other plants. Stems weak, 5–10 mm diam., branches at right angles. Leaf-blades 30–70 × 10–15 (–20) mm, reduced distally, membranous, bases auriculate-clasping, apices acuminate. Heads 1–15 per branch. Peduncles 1–4 cm, densely pilose; bracts lanceolate to ovate, 3–10 mm. Ray-florets: laminae 9–15 (–20) × 1–1.6 mm; style-branch appendages narrowly triangular. Disc-florets corollas 6–8 mm, limbs 50–60% corollas, lobes 0.6–1.1 mm, 10–20% corollas. Cypselae usually tan to brown, sometimes mottled purple to black between light colored ribs, 3.5–4.3 mm; pappi shorter than disc corollas. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering peak late fall–winter, year round (Fla).
Habitat: Marshy shores, stream banks, edges of swamps and moist thickets, wet woodlands
Elevation: 0–30 m

Discussion

Ampelaster carolinianus grows on the outer coastal plain. It is possibly extirpated in North Carolina.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Ampelaster carolinianus"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
John C. Semple +
(Walter) G. L. Nesom +
auriculate-clasping +
decurrent +
Aster carolinianus +
oblanceolate;lanceolate or ovate +
rugulose +  and muricate +
lanceolate +  and ovate +
Climbing aster +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
yellow becoming rose-purple +, pale rose-purple +  and pale-pink +
ampliate +
mottled purple +  and black +
not compressed +, narrowly cylindric +  and fusiform +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Fla. +, Ga. +, N.C. +  and S.C. +
0–30 m +
glabrous +  and pilose +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Marshy shores, stream banks, edges of swamps and moist thickets, wet woodlands +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
linear-attenuate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
turbino-campanulate +
0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
1mm;1.6mm +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
triangular +
2-carpellate +
light stramineous +  and faintly rust-orange +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Flowering peak late fall–winter, year round (Fla). +
spreading +  and reflexed +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;slightly rounded +
light colored +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
eglandular +  and branched +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
prostrate +  and ascending +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster scandens +, Symphyotrichum carolinianum +  and Virgulus carolinianus +
Ampelaster carolinianus +
Ampelaster +
species +
cylindro-campanulate +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
deciduous;evergreen +
plant +  and climbing +