Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra

(Dunal) Fernald

Rhodora 44: 340. 1942.

Common names: Héliopside scabre
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Heliopsis scabra Dunal Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 5: 56, plate 8. 1819
Synonyms: Heliopsis helianthoides subsp. occidentalis T. R. Fisher Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (T. R. Fisher) Steyermark
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 69. Mentioned on page 68, 70.

Leaf-blades deltate to narrowly ovatelanceolate, 6–12 × 2–5 cm, faces moderately to densely scabrellous to scabrous.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–early fall.
Habitat: Open woods, prairies, old pastures, edges of fields, meadows, road banks, ditches
Elevation: 0–2300 m

Distribution

V21-149-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Ont., Que., Sask., Ark., Colo., Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.Mex., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., R.I., S.Dak., Tex., Vt., Wis.

Discussion

Variety scabra is reported as introduced in British Columbia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, and perhaps Quebec (H. J. Scoggan 1978–1979, part 4).

Varieties (subspp.) scabra and occidentalis intergrade so completely and intermediate plants are so numerous that it seems futile to draw taxonomic lines. In general, some plants traditionally treated as var. scabra (in the strict sense) have somewhat narrower leaf blades and longer petioles than most plants treated as var. occidentalis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +, corymbiform +  and cymiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Alan R. Smith +
(Dunal) Fernald +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
cuneate to subtruncate +  and cuneate +
Heliopsis scabra +
ovate;lanceolate +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
Héliopside scabre +
yellowish +  and brownish yellow +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
4-angled +  and subterete +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ark. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.Mex. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Tex. +, Vt. +  and Wis. +
0–2300 m +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
scabrellous +  and scabrous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Open woods, prairies, old pastures, edges of fields, meadows, road banks, ditches +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
turbinate;hemispheric +
6mm;13mm +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
deltate +
toothed +  and serrate +
2-carpellate +
lanceolate;oblong +
persistent +
of 2 +  and 4 minute , toothlike scales +
coroniform +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–early fall. +
glabrescent +  and densely pubescent +
12 +  and 20 +
unequal +  and subequal +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
convex;conic +
2 +  and 4 +
toothlike +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
stramineous +  and reddish-brown +
trailing +  and erect +
1 +  and 10 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Heliopsis helianthoides subsp. occidentalis +  and Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis +
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra +
Heliopsis helianthoides +
variety +
cylindric +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br /> (80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br />) +
80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br /> (150 cm1,500 mm <br />1.5 m <br />) +
shrub +  and subshrub +