Eurybia chlorolepis

(E. S. Burgess) G. L. Nesom

Phytologia 77: 259. 1995.

Common names: Mountain wood aster
Endemic
Basionym: Aster chlorolepis E. S. Burgess in J. K. Small, Fl. S.E. U.S., 1211, 1339. 1903
Synonyms: Aster divaricatus var. chlorolepis (E. S. Burgess) H. E. Ahles
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 374. Mentioned on page 366, 375.

Plants 25–80 cm; forming ± dense clones (lacking sterile rosettes); rhizomes elongate, thin, woody with age. Stems 1, erect, simple, flexuous, proximally glabrous or villous, more densely villous distally. Leaves basal and cauline, thin, margins ± sharply serrate, teeth (6–20 per side) mucronulate, strigoso-ciliate, apices acuminate, abaxial faces glabrous or sparsely villous, adaxial sparsely strigose, long-stipitate-glandular (black) along veins; basal and proximal cauline withering by flowering, long-petiolate, blades widely ovate, basal smaller than proximal, bases cordate to subcordate (sinuses narrow); cauline long (10–50 mm) petiolate, wingless or increasingly winged distally, blades ovate, 30–110 × 11–64 mm, bases cordate (proximal) to rounded or rounded-cuneate (distal); distal (arrays) sessile or short (0–11 mm), widely-winged petiolate, blades ovate, 8–38 × 5–23 mm. Heads 3–25+ in open, corymbiform arrays. Peduncles (subtended by ± reduced distal leaves, longest more than 1.5 cm) villous, eglandular; bracts 0 (–1), abruptly smaller than leaves, 2–2.5 × 1–1.5 mm, sometimes subtending heads. Involucres campanulate, 6.5–9 (–10) mm, shorter than pappi. Phyllaries ca. 27 in 4–5 series, ovate or oblong (outer) to oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate (inner), strongly unequal, membranous, bases indurate, pale green zones on less than distal 1/4 (outer, a few sometimes more than 1/2) to 1/6 or none (inner), margins not scarious, entire or slightly erose, often purplish distally (inner), densely villoso-ciliate, apices obtuse to acute, abaxial faces glabrous or sparsely villous, eglandular. Ray-florets (8–) 12–16 (–20); corollas usually white, sometimes lilac-tinged, (10–) 17–18 (–20) × 2.6–3.3 mm. Disc-florets (12–) 17–26; corollas yellow, 5.6–6.1 mm, abruptly ampliate, tubes (3–3.6 mm) longer than campanulate throats (0.7–1.1 mm), lobes reflexed, lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm. Cypselae tan to brown, fusiform to cylindro-obovoid, slightly compressed, 3.3–3.5 mm, ribs 7–10, stramineous, faces glabrate to sparsely strigillose; pappi of pale cinnamon (fine, barbellulate) bristles 6.2–6.3 mm, equaling to longer than disc-florets. 2n = 36, 45.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: High elevation Appalachian red spruce–Fraser fir and cool mixed forests
Elevation: 1200–2000 m

Distribution

V20-859-distribution-map.gif

Ga., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Va.

Discussion

Eurybia chlorolepis is known only from the Blue Ridge physiographic province. It is possibly extirpated at the southern end of its range in Georgia, South Carolina, and Tennessee, and it is vulnerable elsewhere. It was mapped by W. F. Lamboy (1992), who showed its distinctness from E. divaricata using morphometric and cytologic data.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

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... more about "Eurybia chlorolepis"
villous +  and glabrous +
long-stipitate-glandular +  and strigose +
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
corymbiform +  and open +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Luc Brouillet +
(E. S. Burgess) G. L. Nesom +
cordate +  and rounded or rounded-cuneate +
indurate +
Aster chlorolepis +
long-petiolate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br />) +
flowering +  and withering +
cauline +  and proximal +
ovate;ovate;ovate +
reduced +
5mm;23mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
abruptly smaller +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
pale cinnamon +
0.62 cm6.2 mm <br />0.0062 m <br /> (0.63 cm6.3 mm <br />0.0063 m <br />) +
winged +, wingless +, petiolate +  and long +
Mountain wood aster +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
yellow +, lilac-tinged +  and white +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
ampliate +
0.56 cm5.6 mm <br />0.0056 m <br /> (0.61 cm6.1 mm <br />0.0061 m <br />) +
0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br /> (0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br />) +
7-12(-18)-nerved +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
tan +  and brown +
compressed +, fusiform +  and cylindro-obovoid +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
petiolate +, widely-winged +  and sessile +
Ga. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +  and Va. +
1200–2000 m +
glabrate +  and sparsely strigillose +
scabrellous +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
High elevation Appalachian red spruce–Fraser fir and cool mixed forests +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
petiolate +  and sessile +
cauline +  and basal +
lanceolate +
erose +  and entire +
2-carpellate +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
pinkish +, yellowish +, tan +, tawny +  and cinnamon +
persistent +
unequal +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
oblong +  and oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;slightly convex +
stramineous +
7 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
flexuous +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster divaricatus var. chlorolepis +
Eurybia chlorolepis +
species +
campanulate +
mucronulate +
ampliate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br />) +
pale green +
less than distal +
0;1/4;1/6 +