Eupatorium linearifolium

Walter

Fl. Carol., 199. 1788.

Endemic
Synonyms: Eupatorium cuneifolium Willdenow Eupatorium glaucescens Elliott Eupatorium tortifolium Chapman
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 470. Mentioned on page 464, 468.

Perennials, 30–100+ cm. Stems (from short caudices) single or multiple, branched at or near bases, pubescent throughout. Leaves usually opposite (distal sometimes alternate); sessile or subsessile; blades 3-nerved distal to bases, oblong to lance-oblong, 20–45 × 5–10 mm, bases cuneate, margins entire or serrate (teeth mostly proximal), apices acute, faces finely puberulent, glanddotted. Heads in corymbiform arrays. Phyllaries 8–10 in 1–2 series, lanceolate (tapering toward apices), 2–5 × 0.5–1 mm, apices rounded to acute, abaxial faces puberulent, glanddotted. Florets 5; corollas 3–3.5 mm. Cypselae 2.5–3 mm; pappi of 30–40 bristles 3–5 mm. 2n = 20, 30, 40.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Dry, sandy soils, pine and oak woods, old fields
Elevation: 20–100+ m

Distribution

V21-1175-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Del., Fla., Ga., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex.

Discussion

Plants treated here as Eupatorium linearifolium were long treated under the name E. cuneifolium; the latter name was superfluous when published (K. N. Gandhi and R. D. Thomas 1991). Because there appears to be a continuous range of variation between diploids that were referred to by V. I. Sullivan (1972) as E. cuneifolium and the series of putative hybrids (with E. hyssopifolium suggested as the other parent) that she called E. linearifolium, these are combined here. The tendency for the plants to branch at or near the bases is distinctive within Eupatorium.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"fine" is not a number.

... more about "Eupatorium linearifolium"
40 +, 30 +  and 20 +
not tailed +, truncate +, rounded +  and obtuse +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually terete +  and clavate +
diffuse +  and dense +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Kunsiri Chaw Siripun +  and Edward E. Schilling +
Walter +
puberulent +
cuneate +
enlarged +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
dissected +, lobed +, toothed +  and entire +
oblong;lance-oblong +
5mm;10mm +
papillate +  and rugose +
(4-)5-angled;10-ribbed +
filiform +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
pinkish +  and white +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
prismatic +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +  and Tex. +
20–100+ m +
puberulent +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Dry, sandy soils, pine and oak woods, old fields +
in usually determinate , rarely indeterminate , arrays +  and singly +
indeterminate +
each +  and sessile +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
obconic;ellipsoid +
subsessile +  and sessile +
triangular +
serrate +  and entire +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
Flowering Jul–Sep. +
nerved +  and 2-3-nerved +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
8 +  and 10 +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Fl. Carol., +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
convex;flat +
exalbuminous +
near bases +  and branched +
multiple +  and single +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +
papillate +
Eupatorium cuneifolium +, Eupatorium glaucescens +  and Eupatorium tortifolium +
Eupatorium linearifolium +
Eupatorium +
species +
campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
vine +, shrub +  and subshrub +