Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe

(Alexander ex Small) H. E. Ahles

J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 80: 173. 1964.

Endemic
Basionym: Chrysogonum australe Alexander ex Small Man. S.E. Fl., 1415, 1509. 1933
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 75. Mentioned on page 74.

Plants stoloniferous (colonial, mat-forming; longest stolon internodes 12–60 cm). Stems (flowering): leafless, 2–10 cm. Leaf-blades elliptic-ovate, bases gradually cuneate, faces villoso-hirsute (hairs spreading, 1–3 mm). Peduncles 2–10 cm. Outer phyllaries 7–10 × 2.5–4 mm.


Phenology: Flowering mid Mar–Apr(–May).
Habitat: Pine-oak, longleaf pine, beech-oak-magnolia woods, ravine slopes, limestone outcrops, flood plains and terraces, sand or sandy loam
Elevation: 10–50 m

Distribution

V21-165-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +, corymbiform +  and cymiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Guy L. Nesom +
(Alexander ex Small) H. E. Ahles +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
cuneate +
Chrysogonum australe +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
compound +  and simple +
elliptic-ovate;deltate-ovate +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
obovoid +  and obovate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +  and Miss. +
10–50 m +
villoso-hirsute +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Pine-oak, longleaf pine, beech-oak-magnolia woods, ravine slopes, limestone outcrops, flood plains and terraces, sand or sandy loam +
in cymiform , corymbiform , paniculiform , racemiform or spiciform , arrays +  and singly +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
cupulate-hemispheric +
cauline +  and basal +
deltate +
dentate to pinnatifid or palmatifid +  and entire +
7mm +  and 10mm +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
2-carpellate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
persistent +
coroniform +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Flowering mid Mar–Apr(–May). +
8 +  and 10 +
unequal +  and subequal +
J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
flat;shallowly convex +
exalbuminous +
erect +  and erect-ascending or prostrate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Enceliinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Engelmanniinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Spilanthinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Verbesininae +  and Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Zinniinae +
Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe +
Chrysogonum virginianum +
variety +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
toothed +  and entire +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +