Chondrilla

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 796. 1753.

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 348. 1754.

Common names: Gum or Spanish succory
Etymology: Name used by Dioscorides for plant that exudes milky juice or gum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 252. Mentioned on page 216.
 TaxonIllustrator 
FNA19 P20 Chondrilla juncea.jpegChondrilla juncea
Ixeris stolonifera
Lapsanastrum apogonoides
Bee F. Gunn
Bee F. Gunn
Bee F. Gunn

Perennials, 40–150 cm; taprooted. Stems 1–6, erect or ascending, much branched, basally setose, distally glabrous. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate (basal and proximal cauline, petioles winged); blades (at least basal) oblanceolate, pinnatifid (often runcinate) or coarsely and irregularly toothed (apices acute; distal cauline reduced, entire). Heads (terminal and axillary) usually borne singly (sometimes clustered along stems and branches). Peduncles (nearly 0) not inflated, not bracteate. Calyculi of 3–4, minute bractlets. Involucres cylindric, 2.5–5 mm diam. Phyllaries 5–9 in ± 1 series, linear-lanceolate, equal. Receptacles pitted, glabrous, epaleate. Florets 7–15; corollas (soon withering) yellow. Cypselae tan to black, nearly cylindric, beaks slender or stout, ribs 5+ (with alternating grooves), faces glabrous; pappi persistent (on expanded discs at tips of beaks), of 40–50+, distinct, white, smooth bristles in 1 series. x = 5.

Distribution

Introduced; Eurasia

Discussion

Species ca. 25 (1 in the flora).

Lower Taxa

"fine" is not a number.

... more about "Chondrilla"
scarious +
ovate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
L. D. Gottlieb +
Linnaeus +
decurrent +
stout +  and slender +
compound +  and simple +
toothed;coarsely;pinnatifid;oblanceolate +
tuberculate +, rugose +, muricate +  and smooth +
filiform +
Gum or Spanish succory +
zygomorphic +, actinomorphic +  and (3-)5-merous +
tan +  and black +
cylindric +
Name used by Dioscorides for plant that exudes milky juice or gum +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
each +  and sessile +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
cauline +  and basal +
divided +, lobed +  and dentate +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
not inflated +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +  and unequal +
Sp. Pl. +  and Gen. Pl. ed. +
1753 +  and 1754 +
flat;convex +
heap1993a +
exalbuminous +
ascending +  and erect +
1 +  and 6 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +
Undefined tribe Lactuceae +
Chondrilla +
Asteraceae tribe Cichorieae +
40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br /> (150 cm1,500 mm <br />1.5 m <br />) +
shrub +  and subshrub +