Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 290. 1823.
Perennials, 50–150 cm (caudices slender). Stems branched, pubescent. Leaves opposite; petioles 10–40 mm; blades 3-nerved from bases, deltate-ovate to lanceovate, 30–150 × 20–100 mm, bases subtruncate to cordate, margins coarsely to finely serrate, apices acuminate, abaxial faces minutely pubescent and glanddotted, adaxial faces sparsely puberulent. Heads (erect in flower and fruit) in corymbiform or paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 10–25 mm, glandular-pubescent. Involucres broadly campanulate, 10–12 mm. Phyllaries 28–35 in 4–5 series, greenish, often purple-tinged, 4–7-striate, unequal to subequal, margins scarious (ciliate); outer narrowly lanceolate to lanceovate (glandular-pubescent, apices long-acuminate), mid lanceolate (apices acute to acuminate), inner narrowly lanceolate (apices acute to obtuse, recurved, pubescent, often glanddotted). Florets 35–45; corollas pale yellow-green, often purple-tinged, 6–7.2 mm. Cypselae 4.5–5.5 mm, hispidulous to glabrate; pappi of 38–46 purple-tinged, barbellate bristles.
Phenology: Flowering Aug–Oct.
Habitat: Moist pine and oak woodlands
Elevation: 10–100 m
Ala., Fla., Ga.
Of conservation concern.
"fine" is not a number.