Berlandiera pumila

(Michaux) Nuttall

Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 342. 1840.

IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Silphium pumilum Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 146. 1803
Synonyms: Berlandiera dealbata (Torrey & A. Gray) Small Berlandiera pumila var. dealbata (Torrey & A. Gray) Trelease Berlandiera tomentosa Poiret Berlandiera tomentosa var. dealbata Torrey & A. Gray Polymnia caroliniana S. tomentosum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 86. Mentioned on page 84.

Plants to 100 cm. Stems (erect) usually branched (sometimes suffrutescent). Leaves evenly distributed along stems; usually petiolate (at least at mid-stem); blades oblong, oval, or ovate (widths 3/4–11/4 lengths, not lobed, except intergrades to B. ×humilis, bases truncate to subcordate), membranous, margins crenate, faces grayish velvety. Heads in paniculiform to corymbiform arrays. Peduncles hairy (hairs relatively fine, densely matted). Involucres 14–18 mm diam. Ray corollas deep yellow to orange-yellow, abaxial veins green, laminae 12–20 × 6–9 mm. Disc corollas red to maroon. Cypselae (obovate) 4.5–6 × 3–4 mm. 2n = 30.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Aug.
Habitat: Sandy soils, roadsides, fields, woodland borders, open woodlots
Elevation: 30–100 m

Distribution

V21-200-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., S.C., Tex.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Berlandiera pumila"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Donald J. Pinkava +
(Michaux) Nuttall +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
truncate +  and cuneate +
Silphium pumilum +
compound +  and simple +
ovate;oval;ovate;oval;oblong +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
red +  and maroon +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
obovate +, obflattened +  and obcompressed +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, S.C. +  and Tex. +
30–100 m +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Sandy soils, roadsides, fields, woodland borders, open woodlots +
in paniculiform to corymbiform arrays +  and singly +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
less campanulate;more or less hemispheric +
12mm;20mm +
distributed +
cauline +  and basal +
deltate +
dentate to pinnatifid or palmatifid +  and entire +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
coroniform +
Flowering Apr–Aug. +
14 +  and 22 +
unequal +  and subequal +
Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. +
yellow +  and orange-yellow +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
exalbuminous +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
decumbent +  and erect +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Berlandiera dealbata +, Berlandiera pumila var. dealbata +, Berlandiera tomentosa +, Berlandiera tomentosa var. dealbata +, Polymnia caroliniana +  and S. tomentosum +
Berlandiera pumila +
Berlandiera +
species +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
sinuate +, dentate +  and crenate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br />) +