Berlandiera monocephala

(B. L. Turner) Pinkava

J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. 36: 8. 2003.

Basionym: Berlandiera lyrata var. monocephala B. L. Turner Phytologia 64: 205, fig. 1. 1988
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 85. Mentioned on page 84.

Plants 10–100 cm (taproots much thickened). Stems unbranched or branched near bases. Leaves crowded near stem-bases; petiolate; blades oblanceolate, rarely pinnatifid, membranous, margins usually crenate, faces velvety. Heads usually borne singly, rarely 2–3 together. Peduncles hairy (hairs whitish, matted). Involucres 15–35 mm diam. Ray corollas yellow, abaxial veins green, laminae 9–12 × 4.5–6 mm. Disc corollas yellow. Cypselae (obovate) 5–6 × 3–4 mm. 2n = 30.


Phenology: Flowering May–Oct.
Habitat: Grasslands on rolling hills, often with oak, pinyon, and juniper
Elevation: 1300–2100 m

Distribution

V21-197-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Mexico (Chihuahua), Mexico (Sonora)

Discussion

Roots of Berlandiera monocephala are sold in local Mexican drugstores for stomach and lung troubles (B. L. Turner 1988d) and for insect or snake bites.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Berlandiera monocephala"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
connate +  and distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually ovate +  and lanceolate +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Donald J. Pinkava +
(B. L. Turner) Pinkava +
bristlelike +
coroniform +
truncate +  and cuneate +
Berlandiera lyrata var. monocephala +
compound +  and simple +
pinnatifid;oblanceolate +
winged;ribbed;winged;ribbed +
tuberculate +  and rugose +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
red +  and maroon +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
obovate +, obflattened +  and obcompressed +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ariz. +, Mexico (Chihuahua) +  and Mexico (Sonora) +
1300–2100 m +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Grasslands on rolling hills, often with oak, pinyon, and juniper +
indeterminate +
homogamous +  and heterogamous +
each +  and sessile +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
less campanulate;more or less hemispheric +
4.5mm;6mm +
cauline +  and basal +
deltate +
dentate to pinnatifid or palmatifid +  and entire +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
coroniform +
Flowering May–Oct. +
14 +  and 22 +
unequal +  and subequal +
J. Arizona-Nevada Acad. Sci. +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
exalbuminous +
branched +  and unbranched +
decumbent +  and erect +
appendaged +  and truncate +
hirsutulous +  and glabrous +
papillate +
Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Enceliinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Engelmanniinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Spilanthinae +, Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Verbesininae +  and Undefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Zinniinae +
Berlandiera monocephala +
Berlandiera +
species +
cylindric +
shorter to longer than campanulate +
sinuate +, dentate +  and crenate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br />) +