Alternanthera ficoidea var. bettzickiana

(Regel) Backer in C. G. G. J. van Steenis

in C. G. G. J. van Steenis, Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 4: 93. 1949.

Common names: Calicoplant parrotleaf
Introduced
Basionym: Telanthera bettzickiana Regel Gartenflora 11: 178. 1862
Synonyms: Alternanthera tenella var. bettzickiana (Regel) Veldkamp
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 449. Mentioned on page 450.

Herbs, annual or perennial, often suffrutescent at base, 0.7–1 dm. Stems erect, ascending, prostrate, or decumbent, villous or gray-pubescent, glabrate. Leaves sessile; blade rhombic-ovate to rhombic-obovate, 1–6 × 0.7–2.2 cm, herbaceous, apex acuminate to acute. Inflorescences axillary, sessile; heads stramineous to white, globose, ovoid, or short cylindric, 0.5–1.2 × 0.5–6 cm; bracts less than 1/2 as long as tepals. Flowers: tepals monomorphic, whitish to stramineous, lanceolate, oblong, or ovate-oblong, 2.2–2.5 mm, margins chartaceous, apex acute to acuminate, mucronate, pilose or hispid; stamens 5; anthers 5, oblong; pseudostaminodes lanceolate, equaling or exceeding filaments, margins fimbriate. Utricles included within tepals, stramineous, ovoid to subglobose, 1.8–2 mm, apex acuminate. Seeds 1 mm.


Phenology: Flowering late winter.
Habitat: Waste places
Elevation: 0-10 m

Distribution

V4 883-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., Tex., South America (Brazil), widely cultivated throughout the tropics

Discussion

Because of its varicolored foliage, var. bettzichiana is widely cultivated. Unconfirmed reports of its spread from cultivation include California and Maryland. Variety flavogrisea (hairy joyweed), similar to var. bettzichiana but green throughout and with oblong, ovate, elliptic, or oval leaves, has been reported from Texas, but no specimens have been seen.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
hispid +  and pilose +
Steven E. Clemants +
(Regel) Backer in C. G. G. J. van Steenis +
Telanthera bettzickiana +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
rhombic-ovate +  and rhombic-obovate +
0.7cm;2.2cm +
0 (?) +  and 1/2 (?) +
Calicoplant +  and parrotleaf +
Fla. +, Tex. +, South America (Brazil) +  and widely cultivated throughout the tropics +
0-10 m +
peripheral +
hypogynous +
minute +  and small +
not +  and dehiscent +
Waste places +
several-flowered +
stramineous +  and white +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
cylindric +, ovoid +  and globose +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
subtending +
fimbriate +
Flowering late winter. +
exceeding filaments +  and equaling +
in C. G. G. J. van Steenis, Fl. Males. Ser. +
ovoid-oblong +  and lenticular +
Introduced +
several-flowered +
cylindric +
decumbent +  and prostrate +
ascending +  and erect +
2-lobed +  and capitate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Alternanthera tenella var. bettzickiana +
Alternanthera ficoidea var. bettzickiana +
Alternanthera ficoidea +
variety +
whitish +  and stramineous +
distinct +
ovate-oblong +, oblong +  and lanceolate +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
indurate +, membranaceous +, chartaceous +  and scarious +
indehiscence +
ovoid +  and subglobose +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
perennial +  and annual +
herb +  and suffrutescent +