Asiatic Researches 11: 350. 1810.

Common names: Ginger-lily
Etymology: for Italian botanist Prosper Alpinus (1553–1617)
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 308. Mentioned on page 309.
FNA22 P59 Curcuma Zingiber Alpinia pg 308.jpegAlpinia zerumbet
Curcuma zedoaria
Zingiber zerumbet

Pseudostems well developed, 1–3 m. Inflorescences projecting from tip of pseudostem, lax, paniculate; bracts of main axis remote [imbricate or not], minute [to 7 cm], scalelike [ovate to lance-oblong or lanceolate]; cincinni stalked, 1–3-flowered; bracteoles large, conspicuous [small or absent], enclosing cincinni. Flowers: calyx subcampanulate, shallowly 3-toothed, split down one side [not split]; corolla-tube cylindric, lobes oblanceolate to elliptical; filament linear, plane; anther enclosed in corolla, not spurred, terminal appendage none; lateral staminodes absent or very small and connate with lip, lip ovate, tubular-incurved, notched. Fruits mostly indehiscent, globose. x = 11, 12.


Introduced; North America, Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, native, Asia, Oceania


Several species of Alpinia are grown as ornamentals in warm climates. Only A. zerumbet is known to spread outside cultivation, but at least three other species, A. calcarata Roscoe, A. nigra (Gaertner) B. L. Burtt, and A. officinarum Hance, may persist for many years in abandoned gardens in coastal Florida. All three of these species may be distinguished from A. zerumbet by having erect inflorescences, among other characters.

Species ca. 230 (1 in the flora).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Alpinia"
Alan T. Whittemore +
Roxburgh +
3-toothed +  and subcampanulate +
1-3-flowered +  and stalked +
Ginger-lily +
2-7-flowered +
monochasial +
North America +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, native +, Asia +  and Oceania +
for Italian botanist Prosper Alpinus (1553–1617) +
indehiscent +
globose +
cauline +  and basal +
differentiated +
tubular-incurved +
notched +  and ovate +
oblanceolate +  and elliptical +
3-carpellate +
differentiated +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (300 cm3,000 mm <br />3 m <br />) +
Asiatic Researches +
persistent +
free +  and connate +
differentiated +
not petal-like +
distinct +  and connate +
petal-like +
petal-like +
not differentiated +
Alpinia +
Zingiberaceae +
projecting +