Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum

(Roemer & Schultes) Breitung

Canad. Field-Naturalist 71: 49. 1957.

Basionym: Veratrum lobelianum var. [ß]eschscholzianum Roemer & Schultes in J. J. Roemer et al., Syst. Veg. 7(2): 1555. 1830
Synonyms: Veratrum eschscholzianum A. Gray (as eschscholtzii) Veratrum escholtzianum Loesener Veratrum eschscholtzianum Rydberg ex A. Heller Veratrum viride subsp. eschscholzii (A. Gray) Á. Löve & D. Löve Veratrum viride var. escholtzianoides Loesener
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 75. Mentioned on page 74.

Stems nearly glabrous proximally to densely tomentose distally. Leaves 15–30 × 10–18 cm. Inflorescences with branches spreading to commonly drooping. Flowers erect; tepals deep green to yellowish green, 5–12 mm. 2n = 32.


Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Moist meadows, openings in coniferous forests
Elevation: 0–2500 m

Distribution

V26 58-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., N.W.T., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Western Native Americans (Bella Colla, Cowlitz, Kwakiutl, Okanagan, Quinault, Salishan, Shuswap, and Thompson) used Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum as an analgesic, antirheumatic, emetic, laxative, and poison, as well as a cold, blood, heart, orthopedic, and skin aid (D. E. Moerman 1986). Native Americans from northern British Columbia and the Yukon Territory consumed young plants as herbage (A. E. Porsild 1951; G. A. Mulligan and D. B. Munro 1987).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broad" is not a number."thick" is not a number."thicker" is not a number.

persistent +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
cordate-reniform +
Dale W. McNeal Jr. +  and Aaron D. Shaw +
(Roemer & Schultes) Breitung +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
dilated +
Veratrum lobelianum var. [ß]eschscholzianum +
reticulate-veined +  and parallel-veined +
sheathing +  and involucrate +
lanceolate +
spreading +  and commonly drooping +
tunicate +  and scaly +
oblong-ovoid +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Alta. +, B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0–2500 m +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
some +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +, septicidal +  and loculicidal +
3-lobed +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
yellowish green +  and dark green +
v--shaped +
Moist meadows, openings in coniferous forests +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
veined +  and simple +
persistent +
15cm;30cm +
glabrous;densely hairy +
lanceolate +, ovate +  and elliptic +
reduced +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
erose-fimbriate +  and entire +
inferior +  and superior +
many;several +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
rotate;more or less campanulate +
Flowering summer–fall. +
Canad. Field-Naturalist +
contractile +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
ellipsoid +  and fusiform +
W2 +, W1 +, Illustrated +  and Endemic +
adnate +  and free +
perigynous +
leafy +, hollow +  and simple +
50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
1 +  and several +
elongate +
distinct +
Veratrum eschscholzianum +, Veratrum escholtzianum +, Veratrum eschscholtzianum +, Veratrum viride subsp. eschscholzii +  and Veratrum viride var. escholtzianoides +
Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum +
Veratrum viride +
variety +
green;yellowish green +
persistent +
distinct +  and weakly connate +
spreading +  and erect +
narrowed +, lanceolate +  and oblongelliptic +
subequal +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
caulescent +  and scapose +
3 +  and 2 +