Delphinium scaposum

Greene

Bot. Gaz. 6: 156. 1881, not D. scaposum W. T. Wang 1957.

EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Delphinium andersonii var. scaposum (Greene) S. L. Welsh
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Stems 25-50 (-65) cm; base usually reddish, glabrous, glaucous. Leaves mostly basal, 4-10 at anthesis; cauline leaves 1-4 at anthesis; green leaves usually present on proximal 1/5 of stem at anthesis; petiole 1-12 cm, glabrous. Leaf-blade ± round, 0.5-4 × 0.5-6 cm, puberulent to glabrous; ultimate lobes 3-9, width 2-15 mm (basal), 0.5-3 mm (cauline). Inflorescences 10-25 (-40) -flowered, cylindric; pedicel ascending, 0.6-2.5 cm, glabrous; bracteoles 2-5 mm from flowers, green to blue, linear-lanceolate, 2-4 mm, glabrous. Flowers: sepals bright dark blue, glabrous, lateral sepals spreading, 11-14 × 4-6 mm, spurs straight, sometimes decurved, ascending 30-45° above horizontal, 13-18 mm; lower petal blades elevated, exposing stamens, 5-8 mm, cleft 2-4 mm; hairs mostly centered on inner lobes near junction of blade and claw, white. Fruits 12-16 mm, 2.5-3 times longer than wide, glabrous. Seeds: seed-coat cells ± brick-shaped, cell margins straight, surfaces smooth. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Juniper woods, grassland
Elevation: 1200-2700 m

Distribution

V3 989-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Colo., N.Mex., Utah.

Discussion

Delphinium scaposum is reportedly used in Navajo and Hopi religous ceremonies, as well as for a wash following childbirth (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number."thin" is not a number.

... more about "Delphinium scaposum"
Michael J. Warnock +
Greene +
usually larger +
glaucous +  and glabrous +
narrowed +
expanded +
straight +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
smaller +
subopposite-subalternate +
green +  and blue +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
linear-lanceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
minute +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +
globose;cylindric +
brick--shaped +
Ariz. +, Colo. +, N.Mex. +  and Utah. +
1200-2700 m +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
sessile +  and aggregate +
curved-cylindric +
Juniper woods, grassland +
10-25(-40)-flowered +
axillary +  and terminal +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
less ovate +  and elliptic +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
largest +
lacerate;crenate +
clawed +, 2-lobed +, ovate +  and plane +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
palmate +  and pinnate +
incised;toothed;incised;toothed;entire +
smaller +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
Flowering spring. +
2-100-flowered +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
twisted +  and 3-8(-12)-branched +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
tuberlike +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
brick--shaped +
wing-margined +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br />) +
not ringed +
rectangular +  and crescent-shaped +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
blue;bright dark +
not persistent +
distinct +
3 +  and 6 +
not +  and veined +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
straight +
ascending +  and decurved +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
persistent +
Delphinium andersonii var. scaposum +
Delphinium scaposum +
Delphinium subsect. Subscaposa +
species +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
herbaceous +  and woody +