Anredera cordifolia

(Tenore) Steenis

Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 5: 303. 1957.

Common names: Madeira-vine
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Boussingaultia cordifolia Tenore Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 19: 355. 1853
Synonyms: Boussingaultia gracilis Miers
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 507. Mentioned on page 503, 506.

Stems twining to 5 m, often producing single or clustered axillary tubers. Leaves: petiole 6–12 mm; blade ovate to orbicular, 2–10 × 1–7 cm, base of larger leaf-blades proximal to inflorescences cordate, base of small distal leaf-blades tapering, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences racemes or in branched panicles of racemes, 10–35 (–60) cm; single bract subtending each pedicel triangular-lanceolate, 1–2 × 0.3–0.4 mm; paired bracts subtending each flower persistent, triangular to obtuse, 0.6–1 × 0.5–0.6 mm, basally connate into cup. Flowers bisexual, usually functionally staminate; sepals basally adnate to petals, cream-white, not winged in fruit, ovate to elliptic, 1.2–2.3 × 1.1–2 mm, apex obtuse; petals basally connate, cream-white, ovate to elliptic, 2.1–3 × 1.4–2 mm, apex obtuse, spreading at anthesis; stamens fleshy; filaments basally connate and dilated, 1.9–3.5 mm; anthers early deciduous, 0.7–0.9 mm; pistils 0.4–0.6 mm; styles 1–1.5 mm, basally connate for 1/2–2/3 their length; stigmas clavate to capitate; pedicel 1–3 mm. Utricles rarely producing viable seeds, style bases persistent, globose, 0.8–1.1 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, fencerows, roadsides
Elevation: 0-500 m

Distribution

V4 1030-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Fla., La., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, Eurasia, Africa, Pacific Islands, Australia, native to South America

Discussion

Anredera cordifolia is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, and it escapes and naturalizes in subtropical to subtemperate regions (C. R. Sperling 1987). In many floristic treatments, it has been confused with A. baselloides (Kunth) Baillon, a species restricted to Ecuador and Peru. Fruit- and seed-set are rare in cultivated material; tubers are the main means by which Madeira- vine is propagated (C. R. Sperling 1987).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadened" is not a number.

... more about "Anredera cordifolia"
longitudinal +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
Michael A. Vincent +
(Tenore) Steenis +
tapering +
Boussingaultia cordifolia +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
ovate;orbicular +
1cm;7cm +
deciduous +  and persistent +
distinct +  and connate +
subtending +
membranous;succulent +
Madeira-vine +
Calif. +, Fla. +, La. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, Eurasia +, Africa +, Pacific Islands +, Australia +  and native to South America +
0-500 m +
exfoliating +
0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
persistent +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
fragrant +
0.5mm;0.6mm +
Disturbed areas, fencerows, roadsides +
cluster +  and racemose +
terminal +  and axillary +
35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
petiolate +  and subsessile +
triangular-lanceolate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.3mm;0.4mm +
fleshy +  and dry +
0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
erect;spreading or reflexed +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
unilocular +  and 3-carpellate +
globose;ovoid +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
Fl. Males. Ser. +
tuberous-thickened +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
laterally flattened;nearly globose +
cream-white +
ovate;elliptic +
0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
epipetalous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
not ridged +
clavate;capitate +
slender +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Boussingaultia gracilis +
Anredera cordifolia +
Anredera +
species +
membranous +
basal +  and axillary +